Development Update: June 11, 2018

Text Adventure Mode is pushed back to Prototype 5-3

Yes, you read that right. I have decided to move the Text Adventure optional quest to Prototype 5-3. It will not be making an appearance in Prototype 5-2.

My reasoning for this goes thusly: I have about two weeks to finish everything for the prototype, maybe a few more days (I update on Mondays but I don’t have to release on them). I could rush this out, but I’d rather spent those two weeks polishing the game and improving it. It’s better to get all this polish and balance work done rather than release in a shoddy state but with more content.

For reference, this is due to A) the GUI and B) the increased length of the Tellurium Mines. Originally, the mines were just the randomly generated levels plus a small Steam Droid encampment where you could turn in quests and chat with NPCs. The Tellurium Mines is now a full-fledged side area, with a Steam Droid city, about a dozen cutscenes, a small dungeon, the random level generation, and new areas added around Regulus. It’s much better than before and really suits the story’s themes, but holy cow did the scope expand.

If I have spare time, I may try to squeeze the gemstone upgrade system into this prototype, but that depends on how long I spend on everything else. I have a few maps I need to finish and I have to write a few more scenes, as well as fix some bugs in the random level generator, but it’s mostly POLISH WORK.

If you are interested, please tell me what parts of Chapter 1 I should focus on.
I want to redo some of the older maps. Which maps did you think sucked the most? Those are the ones I’ll redo or expand.

Boring Update Stuff

As far as programming goes, see above. It’s mostly polish work from here on out. Because I changed how the program handles naming, I have to go back through Chapter 1 and fix various objects now showing up with improper names, such as (Thought: when reading the signs.

On the art front, everything I had mandated for Prototype 5-2 is in. Everything past this point is nice-to-haves. I’d really like to get Darkmatter and Steam Droid Christine images into this prototype if we have time. Chicken is on vacation until the 18th, meaning there’s juuuust enough time to get those out.

The new UI is artistically completed, and all I have to do is code it in.

On the spriting front, I am currently forcing Urimas to revamp some of the older tiles to make them look better. He just finished trees, and we’re doing boulders next.



As you can see, we’re mostly done. Just gotta balance these things and revisit old code to address bugs.

  • Serenity Crater (Reviewing Balance)
  • Tellurium Mines (Mostly Done)
  • Golem Transformation images (Done)
  • Latex Drone Transformation images (Done)
  • Enemies for Serenity Crater (Done)
  • All running animations completes (Done)
  • New UI Overhaul (Done, Implementing)
  • Eldritch Dream Girl Transformation (Complete)
  • Work Credits System implemented and balanced (In Progress)
  • Next balance pass of Chapter 5 (In Progress)
  • Darkmatter Girl Transformation (Complete)
  • Steam Droid Transformation (Complete)


Argue about this post on the forums!

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Bad News for OSX Users

Right, so first, here’s a link for you to read: Apple is going to deprecate OpenGL support.

Now, what does this mean? It means OSX users may be in a tight spot, though probably not immediately. Those of you who are OSX users already know that Apple hasn’t been updating its support past OpenGL 4.1.

Pandemonium runs on OpenGL, though fortunately it does not require any of the advanced features in the later versions. Apple is deprecating support, but OSX should still run the game just fine unless they intentionally drop support at some point.

So, if you’re an OSX user, here’s the state of things: Until Apple completely drops OpenGL support (which is not a given), you will be able to play Pandemonium natively. If/when they do drop it, you won’t unless you deliberately block system updates.

I expect Apple, being monopolistic idiots, are still not dumb enough to deliberately drop support for years to come. As such there is a good chance that this will not affect Pandemonium, though it will definitely put a chill on further development on OSX. After all, why should I bother optimizing it if all my work might be lost?

The primary reason I decided to build the engine in OpenGL was its cross-compatibility. OpenGL can work on any system anywhere because it’s an open standard. Anyone can write an implementation. Windows, OSX, Linux, they all work with OpenGL. Apple is now pushing their new graphics library, Metal, in place of OpenGL in an attempt to gate off content and force users to buy macs in order to play specific games.

As an indie developer, I don’t have the kind of resources to overhaul all of the code for Metal, with the attendant bug fixing and feature changes that go with it. The only reason we currently have an OSX build (and soon, a Linux build) is because there’s not that much coding in porting it when they use the same graphics API. Forcing the usage of Metal removes that advantage.

Again, I don’t think this will affect Pandemonium itself unless Apple does something amazingly shotgun-to-foot stupid (you know, in addition to this current shotgun-to-foot stupid action). But it does bring a few things into focus.

Apple is a big company, and they received billions in tax cuts recently. They can certainly afford to maintain their OS support for OpenGL. This is pure monopolistic money-grabbing. Further, this is an example of a major corporation taking a unilateral action which will make the industry and the science of computing worse. I’m sure there are advantages to Metal, but kicking independents artists in the teeth like this slows down the generation of culture. Scientific applications on OSX will also be affected since OpenGL is very commonly used there (disclosure: I am a BSc in Geology, I’ve used such applications).

And of course, because of the structure of American capitalism and its total lack of anti-trust enforcement, we, the public, have absolutely no input on this. Apple may or may not make lots of money, but we will suffer for it. Our overlords decide and we have no voice.

If you’re an OSX user, hopefully WINE will continue to suffice for your purposes. You may also want to consider dual-booting to Linux as I hope to have a Linux build out for Prototype 5-3.

Update: Fortunately, there is some good news. Despite Apple’s intransigence, Vulkan support is on OSX. So, I may just provide Vulkan support to thumb my nose at Apple, and we’ll have a Pandemonium that will be compatible for future OSX users.

Development Update: June 4th, 2018

Programming and Design Stuff

So, we’re most of the way through the Tellurium Mines. My goal is to have that wrapped up this week, along with Serenity Crater. As is so often the case, we’ve expanded the area a little bit to make it better. It now features a mini-dungeon and some other surprises that I’m not going to spoil, in addition to having a large NPC town and randomly generated dungeon. And all this for an optional area!

I’ve also settled on the equipment upgrade system we’re going to be using. I spelled it out here but, in brief: Equipment can be socketed with items (tentatively called gems) which provide stat increases. Gems can be upgraded with adamantite. You can swap gems out of your equipment. Some equipment has more slots than others.

This system will not make it into Prototype 5-2, but I should have it done for Prototype 5-3.

Art Stuff

Chicken just got me the last piece of art mandated for Prototype 5-2. Everything after this point is a nice-to-have but isn’t on my list of required pieces.

Hund also just finished the runic animations, which Patrons will get to see next week.

Urimas is getting me some more tiles. Because that’s what he does.

Rune is doing character design work for Chapter 2. Izuna the Kitsune is looking good!

The New UI

I’ve been promised that all the remaining UI parts will be given to me this week. I’ve coded most of the UI in as I’ve received it so far. Once it’s done, I’ll be putting up some screenshots for all to enjoy.

Please note that none of the UI is considered finalized at this point, I often edit little bits to make them look better or fit the text better. I’m considering creating an entirely new font for the headers, for example, so take all things with a grain of pepper.

Prototype 5-2 Checklist

My current target for 5-2 is the end of June. I want to spend some extra time testing and balancing the prototype, hence why I’m allocating a month for it instead of two weeks. I could very well rush it out in two weeks, but then it’ll suck. So, nope.

  • Serenity Crater (Reviewing Balance)
  • Tellurium Mines (Mostly Done)
  • Text Adventure Subquest
  • Golem Transformation images (Done)
  • Latex Drone Transformation images (Done)
  • Enemies for Serenity Crater (Done)
  • All running animations completes (Done)
  • New UI Overhaul (4/5ths done!)
  • Eldritch Dream Girl Transformation (Text only, Complete)
  • Work Credits System implemented and balanced
  • Next balance pass of Chapter 5 (In Progress)
  • Darkmatter Girl Transformation (Complete)
  • Electrosprite Transformation (Text only, no images)
  • Steam Droid Transformation (In Progress)

The Weapon Upgrade System: A Discussion

Right, so I’ve been thinking on this issue for a while now and I decided to compile my thoughts into a post so other people can ignore read them. Yes it’s about Pandemonium’s internal system dynamics, but I promise to keep it high level.

It also doubles as a Design with a Grain of Salt post.

The Weapon Upgrade System

To put it briefly, in Pandemonium, the player can upgrade their weapons and armor using Adamantite. Adamantite is found in the environment and can be purchased in some cases.

Upgrading a weapon gives it a suffix, such as Fencer’s Raiment (+1), and increases its statistics. Every piece of equipment has a different upgrade path.

(The Forge UI hasn’t been overhauled yet, 100 bonus points for the first person to spot the obvious bug!)

What it does to the game

Being able to find items in the world that you can use to improve your existing inventory produces a few obvious effects.

  1. The player wants to seek out every treasure chest because more adamantite is always useful.
  2. Cash is always useful. You’ll never really have too much since every character needs to upgrade their equipment.
  3. There are fewer pieces of equipment to be found, and equipment is never discarded since no one weapon is really “better” than another when upgraded.

However, as I was developing this system I found a major downside to it that I had not considered. Highly upgraded equipment discourages the player from experimenting or specializing.

If I made a piece of equipment that has excellent fire resistance, but it’s found later in the game, no player would ever actually use it because by the time they found it, all their existing equipment is at +5. This piece of equipment gives fire resistance but unless the enemies in one area are exclusively dealing fire damage, the overall better stats of a +5 piece of equipment outweigh the increased resistance. The best case scenario would be a player upgrading the fire resistance item, using it for one area, and then putting it aside until they find another area where enemies deal fire damage which may not even exist in the game.

In games like Final Fantasy, your party is constantly finding new weapons and armor. There are even Optimize options on the equipment screen which instantly equip whatever has the best overall stats. This is something I wanted to avoid because it’s one of those situations where the player doesn’t get to make an interesting choice. If a piece of equipment has better stats, equip it. Duh. You don’t need to choose what to upgrade, you just need to choose to hit the Optimize button periodically.

Final Fantasy 6, GBA Version. Mash that Optimize button!

So I want to encourage experimentation and interesting player choices at the same time. How the hell do I do that? Well, I need to make things more flexible.

Possible Solution A: Recycling

This one I’ve given some thought to. Essentially it allows the player to “Recycle” an item, decreasing it back down to its (+0) state and removing all bonuses, as well as refunding all adamantite and cash that went into it.

If you want to experiment, you can take your +5 gear and downgrade it all back to its base properties, then upgrade something else. If it doesn’t work out, downgrade that gear and get all your +5 back. You don’t even need to make a new save, because there’s no real loss to doing this.

A possible lemma to this solution is that perhaps we don’t refund 100% of the cost. Some games like to do this, but as far as I’m concerned that’s just there to make the player grind for longer. If I want to experiment but it will cost me 3000 Platina to do so because that’s how much I’ll lose for recycling, then that’s 3000 Platina I need to grind (or just make a new save file and reload). So while this is a possibility, I don’t view it as a good one.

Benefits: Allows experimentation and flexibility with the equipment. Internally, Pandemonium is set up for this, as the upgrade table can just be run in reverse.

Downsides: Adds complexity to the game. Recycling is a system I need to explain to the player, and some players may skip over it just because it’s extra complexity.

Possible Solution B: Per-Slot Upgrading

Another possibility is that each character could upgrade their equipment slots instead of upgrading the equipment in that slot. Yes, that sounds insane, but from a game-mechanics standpoint it’s perfectly valid.

What this would mean is that Florentina would upgrade her weapon slot to +1, and then any piece of equipment she puts there is a +1 regardless of what it is. Swap the Hunting Knife for the Butterfly Knife, and it instantly becomes a +1.

This has a different problem in that it makes equipment sharing more difficult. If a character is upgraded and not the equipment, then characters can’t swap equipment between them. Pandemonium only has a few pieces of universal equipment in Chapter 1, but it becomes more prevalent as the game goes on. All characters have unique weapons, but armor is divided into Light, Medium, and Heavy, while Accessories and Combat-Items are much more flexible. In Chapter 6 the player can build their own party composition, so swapping equipment around becomes much more important.

Naturally, the solution to that problem is Recycling character slot upgrades, which puts us right back to Solution A but in a more convoluted fashion.

Plus, this is really weird lore-wise. I can understand making a weapon better, but somehow dusting Mei’s wrists with adamantite makes her better with her sword? How? There’s already a mechanic which makes characters stronger, it’s called Level-ups!

Benefits: Allows experimentation within a character’s equipment range.

Downsides: Discourages experimentation between characters. Weird to explain from a lore-perspective and probably convoluted to tutorialize.

Possible Solution C: Remove the upgrade system

Easiest to implement mechanically, I just remove the upgrade system and go with the Final Fantasy system. Obviously falls victim to the sunk cost fallacy since I’ve already designed and built the system and scrapping it causes me to lose all that work. (Also, if you followed that link, I do not endorse Kahneman’s evolutionary psychology hypothesis for the fallacy’s origins. That’s just flat out bad science.)

Benefits: It’s really easy. I just remove all vendors capable of forging and remove or repurpose Adamantite. Players who have it in their save file can be compensated the next time they load it. Very simple to understand, doesn’t require tutorials.

Downsides: I’d have to add a lot more equipment items to replace Adamantite. Probably need to add an Optimize button to the equipment screen.

Possible Solution D: Go Full Ham on the upgrade system

Rather than allowing multiple pieces of equipment, the player only ever gets one piece (Ex: Mei’s Rusty Katana and Work Clothes) and doesn’t find new ones. Instead, all equipment changes are done via the upgrade system.

The upgrade system no longer needs to be done in shops and no longer costs money. Instead it may look something like this awful prototype image:

The whole hog is a whole different flavour

In this system, you can add or remove upgrades at any time by inserting/removing Adamantite from the slots. I would have an indicator on each upgrade as to how much it costs of each Adamantite type. Each upgrade can be undone and will return all of the Adamantite used, and this can be done in the field (or possibly at save points) for free.

Once again, this system is complex as all get out, and would require some explanation for the player. I’d also have to change a great deal of how the equipment is handled internally, so there’d be a lot of coding involved.

It’d also be a pain in the neck to balance properly, but that’s a trial-and-error thing.

There is also no particular reason why I could not allow multiple pieces of equipment, but it would mean I would need to create upgrade charts for a lot of items. This would allow some items, like Fencer’s Raiment, to have a lot more offensive options in their upgrade chart than something like Light Leather Vest.

Benefits: Allows for a lot of interesting choices and allows experimentation and specialization in the field.

Downisdes: A lot of coding work on my end (probably. I’m very clever.) and very complex. Would likely require a detailed set of instructions available in the game for confused players. Would require a new UI with attendant control mapping charts.

A Plea

So, that’s the state of the system and how I see it. Now, if you’ve read this far, the congratulations because you’re literate or you skipped to the end and I admire your guts for admitting it. But also, you must have some thoughts on what I should do. Want to tell me what to do?

Go to this forum and hurl your ideas at my head. Whatever we wind up deciding on, it probably won’t make it into Prototype 5-2, but will probably make it into 5-3 or Chapter 5’s full release.

Oh, and here’s the obligatory link to my patreon. I’ve been told I need to post this at the end of every blog post because that improves engagement or something.


Development Update: May 28th, 2018

Linux Build Coming Soon!

I ordered all the parts for the computer I’m building, and I will have them in early June. I’m going to be dual-booting Linux and Windows on this machine, so hopefully Prototype 5-2 will have native Linux support. Hooray!

Programming Stuff

Most of the way through Tellurium Mines’ scenario. Rather than rush to complete it, I took some time to put the UI in more thoroughly.

And let me tell you, it’s worth it. The UI overhaul makes the game so much more enjoyable, if for no reason other than it’s much cleaner to look at.


It’s still a work in progress, as not all of the text/images are aligned correctly and some parts are not finished yet. But it looks so much better oh my god.

Artistic Stuff

The needed character designs for Prototype 5-2 are complete, and Chicken is finishing up the Latex Drone sequence. Everything else is a nice-to-have.

Hund is now working on making some pretty runestone animations. They look great and I’ll probably wind up posting a sample when they’re ready.

Urimas, as always, is spriting. His next task is to get me sprites of the Steam Droid characters so I can finish the cutscenes therein.

And what’s that? Rune is back to work? Yes, Rune is doing some character design work for Chapter 2 and will be making promotional materials for the big release of 5-2. Much excite!


  • Serenity Crater (Reviewing Balance)
  • Tellurium Mines (Mostly Done, unbalanced)
  • Text Adventure Subquest
  • Golem Transformation images (Done)
  • Latex Drone Transformation images (In progress)
  • Enemies for Serenity Crater (Done)
  • All running animations completes (Done)
  • New UI Overhaul (4/5ths done!)
  • Eldritch Dream Girl Transformation (Text only, Complete)
  • Work Credits System implemented and balanced
  • Next balance pass of Chapter 5 (In Progress)
  • Darkmatter Girl Transformation (Complete)
  • Electrosprite Transformation (Text only, no images)
  • Steam Droid Transformation (Text only, no images)

Development Update: May 21st, 2018

Programming Stuff

I’m about halfway through the scenario of the Tellurium Mines. I’ve gotten the new enemies I needed for Serenity, just need one more sprite sheet and I can start balancing the area.

I would be further along the mines, but I had to spend some time putting in new UI. The new UI is now about halfway complete. Get psyched!

Artistic Stuff

There are actually three enemies that I needed for Serenity, but I’ve gotten two of them. Chicken is now going to be designing the special NPCs for the Tellurium Mines section. We’re probably going to be doing the transformation art last before Prototype 5-2 comes out.

All the combat animations that I needed are complete, and they look spectacular. Hund is now going to work on redoing the rune animations that are used in a few spots in Chapters 1 and 5. We also have new runic designs as opposed to the placeholders that were there before.

Urimas, as usual, got me sprites. Running animations are done, he’s now getting me enemy sprites and tiles.

Other Stuff

We actually got a musician to make some music for Chapter 5! He did it because Chicken is a friend of his, which is good because we sure don’t have the budget to pay for it. If you’re a patron, you’ll get to listen to it in this week’s Patron Bonus Stuff.

Prototype 5-2 Objectives

When everything is checked off, it’s release time, baby.

  • Serenity Crater (Reviewing Balance)
  • Tellurium Mines (In Progress)
  • Text Adventure Subquest
  • Golem Transformation images (Done)
  • Latex Drone Transformation images
  • Enemies for Serenity Crater (Done)
  • All running animations completes (Done)
  • New UI Overhaul (2/3rds done)
  • Eldritch Dream Girl Transformation (Text only, Complete)
  • Work Credits System implemented and balanced
  • Next balance pass of Chapter 5 (In Progress)
  • Darkmatter Girl Transformation (Complete)
  • Electrosprite Transformation (Text only, no images)
  • Steam Droid Transformation (Text only, no images)

Development Update: May 14th, 2018

Quick Update Stuff

Coding is on schedule. I worked out the kinks in the random level generator, see below.

Art is coming along nicely. I got the combat UI two days ago and we made several improvements to the status UI. All but two of the combat animations are complete. Urimas is currently finishing item icons, and Chicken needs to get me 1 more enemy design before I can finish up Serenity Crater.

The Random Level Generator

I just finished putting together the basic exporter for the RLG. It still needs to generate useful enemy and object data, but the really complex texture mapper is complete.

The RLG was designed to be used in both auto and manual modes, to better allow me to identify bugs. So, here’s screenshots of it in action. To use the RLG, you just press the number keys and the generator stops at each stage.

Stage 1: Rolling Sizes


Not much to look at, but the red border indicates the sizes. You can use the arrow keys to scroll around in-game.

Stage 2: Generate Rooms


Here we have generated the ‘rooms’, which are just core points. The rooms are not necessarily connected. The green dots represent a room center, and the rectangles mean a room is elliptical.

Stage 3: Tunnel and Distance Check


Next, we “dig” between each room. Starting at the entrance (white square) we mark all connected tiles. If a room’s center is disconnected, the closest room is found and we dig a 1-tile wide tunnel to the nearest connected room, and then run the algorithm again until no rooms are disconnected. This guarantees it’s always possible to navigate to each room.

Stage 4: Spawn an Entrance


Here we have moved the entrance point to the top middle white square. This is because the entrance is always on a north wall, as it’s a ladder. An exit was also generated but is not yet marked on the map, as well as treasures being generated.

To generate the exit, we take a position that is 75% or more of the maximum distance away from the entrance ladder and modify it to be an exit. You’ll see it on the screenshot below.


To generate treasures, we find the shortest path between the entrance and the exit. The exit is in the bottom middle. Then, we take all locations on the map that are 17 or more tiles away and make them treasure candidates.

Treasure candidates are selected with weight being placed on the most distant ones from the shortest path. Sometimes a candidate is picked that is closer, but it’s usually an edge tile. Then, we find the shortest path between the treasure and the entrance-exit axis and mark it, and then find the distance for all tiles and this new, branching path. Then we run the algorithm again until there are no more tiles that are 17 or more spaces away from any path. The result is the above diagram.

Stage 5: Texture Everything


Programmatically the most complex part, the program checks pit, wall, and floor values and assembles texture data for the renderer. Now you can see how it’s an actual level with pits and walls. Presently the RLG does not place interesting objects and doodads, but it will later.

Stage 6: Generate Enemies


Enemies are purely object data and could theoretically be generated externally, but I decided to build their paths directly into the generator. Essentially, each room is given a priority value and enemies are rolled to spawn in each room. Each time a room gains an enemy spawn, it decreases in priority. The enemy will then mark a path to another room selected at random, decreasing its weight as well. Thus the enemy population is distributed fairly evenly amongst the rooms with some getting little attention by sheer chance.

Note that these are path candidates, and most levels will not have a full complement of enemies. Towards the bottom of the mines, you can expect all the slots to be filled, though. Waiting around corners and ambushing isolated patrols is still the best strategy.

So that’s my random level generator. I’ve already hooked it in to the game’s engine, I just need to generate objects and then I can finish the other half of the Tellurium Mines’ scenario work.

Prototype 5-2 Objectives

When everything is checked off, it’s release time, baby.

  • Serenity Crater (Mostly Done)
  • Tellurium Mines (In Progress)
  • Text Adventure Subquest
  • Golem Transformation images (Done)
  • Latex Drone Transformation images
  • Enemies for Serenity Crater (Mostly Done)
  • All running animations completes (Done)
  • New UI Overhaul (Mostly Done)
  • Eldritch Dream Girl Transformation (Text only, Complete)
  • Work Credits System implemented and balanced
  • Next balance pass of Chapter 5 (In Progress)
  • Darkmatter Girl Transformation (Text only, no images – Being Edited)
  • Electrosprite Transformation (Text only, no images)
  • Steam Droid Transformation (Text only, no images)